In the colours of sand
CATHAY INDUSTRIES provided iron oxide pigments for two new piers in Ostend
Ostend, 30 March 2015. Around the old wooden pier at the seaside of the Belgian town Ostend two new modern piers with walking paths were raised. Built by the Flemish Governmental Maritime Access Division between 2010 and 2014, they are meant to improve the accessibility of the port and to protect the city centre against flood risks. The piers also function as a promenade into the sea and have quickly developed into a tourist attraction. To ensure stability of the breakwaters, the Belgian governmental department Maritime Access Division has commissioned to equip them with 550 concrete crest elements on the sea side of the promenades. These elements and the concrete promenades were coloured to assimilate the shade of sea sands. The pigments were selected from the FERROTINTTM range of CATHAY INDUSTRIES. These synthetic iron oxides, in combination with a specially developed concrete composition, are characterised by high weather and salt resistance as well as durability.
Since the expansion of the port in Ostend, which was planned in 1997, ships up to a length of 200 m and up to a depth of 7.5 m are able to dock here. To improve the access to the port and to protect the city centre against storms and floods, two new piers with a length of 750 m each were built into the North Sea. Their foundation was established between 2010 and 2012. The completion works started in 2013 and were finished in 2014. Since then the piers are situated 7 to 8 m above mean sea level and have a width of 8 m. The old wooden pier was left in place and is considered a precious heritage from the past.
Blocks and promenade made of concrete
On the sea side both piers are equipped with 550 precast concrete crest elements made by company Lithobeton. While walking on the promenade, they serve as hand rail and protective wall. Altogether the blocks comprise 2.500 m³ of architectural coloured concrete. Moreover, the walkway is made of ready mix concrete from Inter-Beton Ostend, a HeidelbergCement Group company. The path holds about 5.300 m³ of coloured concrete in the top layer. The objective was to produce a material that equals the colour of the sand at Ostend’s beach. To achieve this, it was important to choose pigments that ensure a durable architecturally-pleasing appearance.
Durable colour with synthetic inorganic iron oxides
These requirements are fulfilled by synthetic inorganic iron oxides of CATHAY INDUSTRIES. Starting the pigment selection, the investor Maritime Access Division ran intensive testing on a 20 m² trial area in order to identify the ideal pigment formulas and surface treatments. Finally, specific blends of pigments from the FERROTINTTM series were selected. These FERROTINTTM grades, combined with a specially developed concrete composition from Lithobeton, are characterised by colour consistency, lightfastness, alkali and acids resistance as well as by stability in salty environments. As a consequence, they assure the requested visual appearance for a long time.
CATHAY supported the project by blending the colours upfront and providing them in cold water soluble bags. Added during the mixing process these bags facilitate exact, fast and clean dosage and dissolve completely in the concrete environment. The used cement had a very light grey shade and was hence ideal for being coloured with synthetic iron oxides of CATHAY INDUSTRIES using 1 % of FERROTINTTM Yellow F5300.
The blocks – 1.85 m high, 2.00 m deep, 1.75 m wide – were made of self-compacting concrete from Lithobeton with 1.5 to 2 % of FERROTINT F6531. The main challenge was to produce the 550 blocks in equal climatic conditions so that all of them have the same colour. For this reason, the manufacturer built isolated containers around the blocks and stored them in a heated damp room with 95 % humidity.
Due to the fact that the working space at the pier was limited, the concrete for the footpath had to be laid from the masonry dam backwards. Thanks to the pigments and the intensive polishing of the surface, the desired colour shades were achieved.
Experts from CATHAY supported the planning as well as the colouring process to ensure a result that fulfils all requirements. “The colour of the concrete is exactly what we had in mind – we are very pleased with the result”, says Hadewych Verhaeghe, Managing Civil Servant at Maritime Access Division to summarise the cooperation with the pigment manufacturer. Upon completion the breakwaters serve as safe protection for the city centre and as a pleasant tourist attraction in Ostend.
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